Beginners Guide: How Does a Hoverboard Work?

Most of you have already seen a hoverboard. Probably some of you own one or two, but it is very likely only a few of you know how a hoverboard (with wheels) actually works.

The rise of hoverboards began just three years ago. And although these are not the flying boards that most of you are hoping for, this device is still actually fun to ride. Moreover, it is a much better version compared to its cousin Segway scooter. It is very convenient to use (everything is automatic) and less bulky for a portable ride.

There are a lot of hoverboards for sale on the market today. You can even find cheaper versions of them on different online stores (be careful on buying these boards). But exactly, how does this beautiful invention do its magic? That is what we are going to find out.

How Does A Hoverboard Work?

Most of the hoverboards for sale follow the same mechanism or technology for them to give you pleasurable leisure. Before we go deeper into the exact processes that are happening inside a hoverboard, let us take a look at its main components first.

Main parts of a hoverboard:

The Logic board

  • Steel frame that has a central pivot
  • Infrared sensors (usually two)
  • Several gyroscopes
  • Pressure pads
  • LED lights
  • Several battery packs
  • A charging port
  • A power switch
  • A plastic casing
  • A pair of electric motors (inside the wheels)
  • Two tilt and speed sensors (also inside the wheels)

The Wheels
A hoverboard has two wheels that house several electric motors. It also has speed and tilt sensors. These two are essential so that the board can assess the appropriate frequency of rotation of the wheels based on how you hard you step on the pressure pads. Usually, a hoverboard like a Segway board can go as fast as 10 Mph, with a maximum distance of 10 to 12 miles.

When these sensors detect the rpm, it sends to the speed control boards and gyroscope. If you try to disassemble your hoverboard, you can see these two components are inside its main body. Specifically, you can find them just near the wheels.

Speed Control Boards and Gyroscope
The function of the speed control boards and the gyroscope is to receive and assess the tilt and RPM information that were sent by the sensors inside the wheels. After this, they will send these data to the main logic board of this device.

There are times that you will need to calibrate the gyroscopes of your hoverboard. Sometimes, this component is misreading the speed levels. This usually happens after a hoverboard crashes. An uncalibrated hoverboard will likely to malfunction, thus susceptible to more accidents. Because of this, it is necessary that you should know how to re-calibrate this device.

How to Recalibrate?

1. Put first your hoverboard on a leveled and smooth surface.

2. After you do this, switch on your hoverboard. But make sure that it is on lock mode. To do this, you have to press once the unlock button. If you can see that the battery symbol turns red, hold both of the “unlock” and “lock” buttons of the remote for three seconds.

3. You will know that you did it right when you can hear the beep sound coming from your hoverboard. Also, you will notice that the battery symbol will turn orange and will flash together with the “IO” indicator. Your hoverboard is now calibrated again.

This process is for Segway boards, but any hoverboards for sale follow the same re-calibration technique. The entire process can take less than 3 minutes.

The Logic Board

The logic board is the operating system of your hoverboard. It is the brain the controls and assesses different functions that are necessary for your hoverboard to run. Some of its functions are the following:

Computes the status of the hoverboard in real-time
Gauges the speed of your travel
Measures the tilt and relative speed of each wheel
Controls the power management and control options of the board
Limits the speed of board (depending on what model you will choose)
Locks the hoverboard

The Batteries

Of course, your hoverboard won’t function without its life source. A brain is dead without a heart. Therefore, a hoverboard won’t run without a battery. The battery pack of a hoverboard has different variations, depending on the brand of your device. The most common battery pack is 36V 4400mAH.

How Can a Hoverboard Detect Your Movement?

The central control of a hoverboard is its pair of pressure pads. These clever components allow you to operate the hoverboard in whatever motion that you want. Below these pads are

If you lean forward, the front switch will be pressed. When this happens, a small plastic wall intervenes in between the infrared sensor and infrared LED. When the sensor detects the light from the LED, the logic board will keep the motors at a static position. But if there is an interruption, which is the plastic wall, the logic board will command the motors to run.

So if you want to turn right, you just trigger the left switch so that the right wheel can spin forward. The same process applies when turning left.

How Can A Hoverboard Balance?

The gyroscopes and tilt sensors are the ones responsible for balancing the scooter. The tilt sensors relay to the gyroscopes the length of your inclination. After this, the gyroscopes immediately send this information to the processing board.

The more forward inclination you will do, the faster hoverboard will go. It is like the board is trying is matching the location of your center of gravity.


Knowing the exact process of how a hoverboard works can improve your skills in riding this gadget. Moreover, it gives you an idea of the possible causes if something goes wrong. In this way, you can easily maintain and take care of your hoverboard; hence, fewer maintenance fees. Of course, you can also avoid sudden and unwanted replacements!

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